What is the Deed of Conveyance in favour of Mortgagee in India

Legal Documents
19 Apr, 2024
Deed of Conveyance in favour of Mortgagee in India

What is the Deed of Conveyance in favour of Mortgagee in India?

In India, property owners are frequently required to pledge their immovable assets as security or collateral when taking out a loan from a lender or bank. We call this a mortgage. The lender or mortgagee has the power to seize the mortgaged property in order to recoup the unpaid loan balance in the event of default or failure to repay the loan. A Deed of Conveyance is the legal document that gives the lender (mortgagee) possession of the mortgaged property, transferring ownership from the borrower (mortgagor). Continue reading this blog at Landkhoj.com to learn about Deed of Conveyance in favour of Mortgagee.


  1. Introduction to Mortgages and Deeds of Conveyance
  2. Introduction to Mortgages and Deeds of Conveyance
  3. Situations when a Deed of Conveyance in favour of Mortgagee is Required
  4. Process of Executing a Deed of Conveyance in favour of Mortgagee
  5. Rights and Obligations of Mortgagor and Mortgagee
  6. Tax Implications and Stamp Duty
  7. Precautions and Legal Considerations
  8. Conclusion

Introduction to Mortgages and Deeds of Conveyance

Mortgage is a legal document meaning that a borrower stands as a guarantor of a borrowed loan, by pledging their property as a collateral against the debt. The same individual (borrower) maintains the right of ownership and possession over the property till the loan is fully paid. But in case, the borrower does not pay back the loan, the lender has the right to foreclose his property and sell the property to pay the debts.

A deed of conveyance is an official document that enables the transferring in the ownership of the mortgaged property to the mortgagee from the mortgagor. It occurs, thereafter, when the debtor has failed to repay the loan and, hence, the lending party has taken the foreclosure procedure.

Introduction to Mortgages and Deeds of Conveyance

There are different types of mortgages in India, such as:

  • Simple Mortgage: The mortgagor does not transfer equity into the secured party's site but transfers the property ownership to the mortgagee still without delivering possession.
  • Mortgage by Conditional Sale: Indeed, the mortgagor seemingly sells the property to the mortgagee with a provision that the act needs to be nullified once the debt is repaid.
  • Usufructuary Mortgage: The lessor surrenders possession of the heritable property to the heritor, who is entitled to receive the rent and profits from the property.
  • English Mortgage: A mortgagee imposes certain conditions, such as the property remains under the ownership of the mortgagor, until the debt is fully reinstalled.

The nature of the security document or the mortgage Deed of Conveyance executed is of paramount importance and depends on the kind of mortgage security.

Situations when a Deed of Conveyance in favour of Mortgagee is Required

A Deed of Conveyance in favour of the mortgagee is required in the following situations:

  • When the lender, or mortgagee, starts the foreclosure process after the borrower, or mortgagor, misses payments on the loan.
  • When the mortgagee uses their entitlement to sell the property under mortgage in order to recoup the balance owed on the loan.
  • When the mortgagor freely consents to give the mortgagee possession of the mortgaged property in place of the outstanding debt.

Process of Executing a Deed of Conveyance in favour of Mortgagee

The process of executing a Deed of Conveyance in favour of the mortgagee involves the following steps:

  • Issuance of a Notice of Default: The mortgagee delivers a notice to the mortgagor, notifying that a default has occurred and that if the recalled sum is not paid back within a given period, then foreclosure of the property would be a logical next step.
  • Filing of a Foreclosure Suit: In case the mortgagee payments are not submitted on time, the mortgagee automatically files a foreclosure suit in the property, all by the court.
  • Court Order: If the mortgagee gets favourable ruling, the court will issue an order requiring the mortgagor to deliver a Deed of Conveyance to the mortgagee or allowing the court to implement it on behalf of the mortgagor.
  • Execution of the Deed of Conveyance: The title is signed by the mortgagor (or the court on behalf), transferring ownership of the mortgaged property to the mortgagor.
  • Registration: The registered Deed of Conveyance once updated with the state authority of relevance, becomes legally binding and consequence-oriented.

Rights and Obligations of Mortgagor and Mortgagee

Mortgagor's Rights and Obligations:

  • Even after the Deed of Conveyance is executed, the mortgagor retains the right to redeem the property by making the remaining loan payments until the property is sold to a third party.
  • In addition to paying all required taxes and fees, the mortgagor is responsible for keeping the mortgaged property in good shape.
  • If necessary, the mortgagee and the mortgagor must work together to execute the Deed of Conveyance.

Mortgagee's Rights and Obligations:

  • The mortgagee is at liberty so seize the mortgaged property and sell it off to recover the balance amount of money due.
  • The mortgagee has the duty to abide the rule of law and to comply with legal regulations during the pre-sales and after sales stages with respect to the expropriation property
  • The mortgagee must be clean about funds it receives from sale of property when the amount is more than what is needed to recover the unpaid loan and other expenses.

Tax Implications and Stamp Duty

Mortgagee in possession may have tax reasons on Windfall Profits for mortgagor through an Execution of a Deed of Conveyance. The mortgagor might be taxed on any capital gains arising from the transfer of the property and the mortgagee may have to provide the services of an accountant if some additional funds are received from the sale of the property over and above the outstanding loan.

Moreover, a stamp duty mentioned in the Deed of Vesting changes from state to state within India. Generally, the tax is composed of the property value or the loan amount that the borrower must repay, whichever one is higher.

Precautions and Legal Considerations

When executing a Deed of Conveyance in favour of the mortgagee, it is essential to consider the following precautions and legal considerations:

  • Verify that the mortgagee has complied with all legal requirements and due process throughout the foreclosure process.
  • Check to make sure the mortgagee's assertions are true and correct, and confirm the amount of the outstanding loan.
  • To learn more about your rights and responsibilities as a mortgagee or mortgagor, get legal counsel from an experienced practitioner.
  • Before executing the Deed of Conveyance, carefully read over its terms and conditions.
  • Obtain, if applicable, the required clearances and approvals from the appropriate authorities.
  • Ensure that the executed conveyance document is correctly registered with the relevant registration body.


Such document as ‘Deed of Conveyance executed in favour of the mortgagee’ to the mortgagee is a legal document which made the property of a mortgagor belongs to a creditor in the case if he (the mortgagor) doesn’t repay the loan on time or misses the deadline. It is a very important phase of the foreclosure process and when someone wishes to sell his home, he needs to give a right consideration to the overall legal requirements, tax implications and the rights and obligations of both parties involved. Through realising how the process looks inside and what the professional help of the consultants is, both sides can manage this turbulent process correctly and look after the mutual interests.

FAQs-Deed of Conveyance in favour of Mortgagee in India

Q 1- What is the significance of a conveyance deed?

A conveyance deed is a legally formed contract that is introduced by someone (the seller/assignee) to another (the buyer/the beneficiary) to transfer the ownership of an immovable property. It is a very important document in any real estate transaction, because it makes the buyer the owner of the house legally. This means that the buyer has the same rights to control the property as the owner.

Q 2- Is conveyance deed necessary for a home loan?

Yes, in order to obtain a house loan from a bank or other financial institution, a conveyance document is required. As collateral for the loan, the lender usually requests that the borrower sign a conveyance deed in their favour. In the event that the borrower fails on the loan, this deed grants the lender the authority to sell the property.

Q 3- What is the execution of the deed of reconveyance?

Attendance of any inspection is done on the mortgagee's request when the entire loan amount, along with the year's interest, has been paid. Therefore, it facilitates the transfer of the ownership rights of the property to the borrower and in effect, terminates the loan contract.

Q 4- What is the right of redemption on a mortgage deed?

A borrower's legal right to return ownership of the mortgaged property to the lender by paying back the full loan amount, including interest and other costs, is known as the right of redemption. This privilege is in place up until the lender starts the foreclosure procedure.

Q 5- What is the difference between a release deed and a reconveyance deed?

A release deed is a document which frees the lender's claim as well as possession over a mortgaged property, while reconnaissance deed actually means that the property ownership is now gone back to the borrower. A release deed will thus be required if the property being sold is the same property for which the borrower has already taken a loan.

Q 6- What is the meaning of reconveyance?

Conveyors is a term that is given to the situation where the original owner (borrower) takes back ownership of the property after repaying completely all loan sums from the mortgagee or lender.

Q 7- What is the deed of receipt?

A deed of receipt is a document which attest that the purchase price of the property was paid in full, and this document must be presented by both the seller and the buyer to the transfer clerk. Typically, the indemnity will be contracted along with the conveyance deed in order to guarantee the protection of the acquirer by law.

Q 8- Is release deed sufficient?

No, only having a release deed is insufficient. It does not give the borrower back ownership of the property; rather, it just releases the lender's claim over it. The ownership transfer cannot be completed without a reconveyance deed.

Q 9- Does release deed attract stamp duty?

Yes, stamp duty is applied to release deeds; the amount varies by Indian state. Generally, the stamp duty is computed using either the property's market value or the loan amount, whichever is larger.

Q 10- What are the components of a conveyance deed?

A conveyance deed typically includes the following components:

  • Details of the parties involved (seller and buyer)
  • Description of the property being transferred
  • Consideration (sale price)
  • Date of execution
  • Signatures of the parties and witnesses
  • Stamp duty and registration details

Q 11- What are the different types of conveyance deeds?

The different types of conveyance deeds include:

  • Sale Deed
  • Gift Deed
  • Exchange Deed
  • Partition Deed
  • Mortgage Deed
  • Lease Deed

Q12 - Which act is a conveyance deed under?

Conveyance deed falls under Transfer of Property Act, which appeared in the year of 1882 and regulates the transfer of immovable land in Indian states.

Q 13- What are the general rules of conveyancing?

The general rules of conveyancing include:

  • Ensuring the legal and valid title of the property
  • Proper description of the property
  • Compliance with necessary legal formalities
  • Payment of appropriate stamp duty and registration charges
  • Proper execution and attestation of the deed

Q 14- How do you draft a conveyance deed?

To draft a conveyance deed, you need to follow these steps:

  • Gather all relevant details about the parties and the property
  • Decide on the type of conveyance deed required
  • Use a standard format or template for the specific type of deed
  • Fill in all the necessary details, clauses, and terms
  • Get the deed stamped and registered with the appropriate authorities
  • Ensure proper execution and attestation by the parties and witnesses

Q 15- What are the benefits of conveyancing?

The benefits of conveyancing include:

  • Establishing clear and legal ownership of the property
  • Protecting the interests of both the buyer and the seller
  • Ensuring compliance with all legal formalities
  • Reducing the risk of future disputes or claims
  • Facilitating smooth transfer of ownership

Q 16- What is the difference between conveyance deed and deemed conveyance?

The conveyance deed represents the legally binding transmission of the property ownership from one individual to another. However, as assigned character is an instrument of law which means the ownership of the property will be transferred to the lessee (tenant) without a conveyance deed after the expiry of the lease, a separate judgement is not needed.

Q 17- How important is conveyance deed for society?

Conveyances deeds constitute a vital base of social fabric since they facilitate exchange of immovable property and create the unambiguous ownership rights. It is responsible for the implementation of law and order and has the power to overrule the wrong decisions which ensures prosperous economic activities related to real estate.

Q 18- What is the difference between conveyance deed and registered deed?

A conveyance deed is a special type of deed that is used to pass the ownership of a property or a piece of land from one person to another. To be considered a registered deed, your deed must be deposited with or registered at any office charged with the responsibility, like the SubRegistrars. All the court proceedings are entered in the court register for future reference.

Q 19- What is the limitation period for deemed conveyance?

The signing of different cases for implication of an act of conveyance from state to state across India is a notable restriction period. It may fluctuate from state to state and may be termed as 12 to 30 years in accordance with the leasing policies of the states and as given in the lease agreements.

Q 20- What is an example of a conveyance?

An illustration of conveyance is where an individual finalises a home purchase and executes a signed sale agreement (conveyancing agreement) to transfer ownership from the seller to himself/herself.